Is it a Good Time to Buy a House? Or Should I Wait Until 2023?
A looming recession, inflation, and rising mortgage rates have made plenty of homebuyers wary of entering the market. According to a recent National Housing Survey, only 20% of consumers believe it’s a good time to buy a home. Some potential buyers wonder if falling home prices are on the horizon - and whether it makes sense to wait.
There are benefits and drawbacks to buying a home while the market is in flux: here's what you need to know.
Mortgage Rates Are Up - But Perspective is Important
Mortgage rates rose rapidly this year as the Fed looked for ways to tamp down inflation. After reaching historic lows of under 3% last year, average 30-year rates are now closer to 6%. When the rates were low, buyers eager to take advantage of cheap borrowing flooded the market. Now that rates have risen, many buyers have backed off as they saw their estimated monthly mortgage payments jump by hundreds of dollars.
But there are a few reasons that rising interest rates aren’t as bad as they seem.
Of course, it’s going to sting to see mortgage rates rise from a record low of 2.7% to 6.4% where they are now (and perhaps higher as the year progresses). This dramatic jump means that homebuyers have to cope with a more limited budget, and larger, newer homes in desirable neighborhoods are further out of reach.
In context, though, mortgage rates today are low. In 1980, you would’ve been paying close to 15% for a 30-year mortgage, and in 1990, the rate hovered around 10%. The overall average since 1971 has been 7.77%, according to The Mortgage Reports. Perspective is key when it comes to evaluating the current mortgage rate.
Second, rates are not set in stone the way home prices are. If you stay in your home for the entirety of the 30-year term, there’s a fair chance that mortgage rates will dip again. If they do, you always have the option of refinancing your loan in order to take advantage of the lower rate. Although refinancing does come with a processing fee, it can often save homeowners thousands of dollars overall.
Homebuyers also have the option of doing an Adjustable Rate Mortgage. Though these got a bad rap during the last housing crisis, they can actually be a useful way to receive a lower rate - especially if you don't plan on living in your house for the entire 30-year term.
Third, mortgage rates and home prices tend to work like a balancing scale. When one goes up, the other goes down. With fewer people seeking to buy homes, competition eases - leading to fewer bidding wars that drive prices sky high, and more pressure on sellers to accept reasonable offers.
Fourth, many homebuyers are asking: will rates fall again, allowing for cheaper borrowing in 2023? According to Business Insider, experts believe rates aren't likely to drop again until the end of 2023 or into 2024. And even then, you shouldn't bet on rates reaching those historic lows again.
Make no mistake: homeowners are definitely paying more in interest now and will have to adjust their budgets accordingly. Rising interest rates aren't easy to deal with. But when it comes to whether or not waiting to buy a home makes sense - waiting won't bring back the historically-low rates that were an anomaly.
"Even with interest rates constantly fluctuating, being able to buy a home is always a financially smart decision,"
Chart showing historical primary mortgage rates (via Freddie Mac)
A Market Shift = More Inventory
Sellers realize that the window for maximizing their profits is closing. As they watch listing after listing in their local area do price reductions to the tune of several thousand dollars, more and more sellers have been entering the market in an attempt to get in before the hot market dissipates completely.
In June, Realtor noted that there was YoY inventory growth for the first time since mid-2019, with the market seeing a 6.3% increase in newly listed homes since last year. And according to the National Association of Realtors (NAR), "The inventory of unsold existing homes rose to 1.26 million by the end of June, or the equivalent of 3.0 months at the current monthly sales pace."
This is big news, because the incredibly low inventory of homes on market has been a major driver of rising prices. The increase in inventory gives buyers more options - and more leverage. Home value gains will be much more modest now that sellers are receiving one or two offers in many cases, not 20.
It wasn't like this a year ago. Before, buyers would have very little to no say in negotiations, but now with the market shifting, buyers have some leverage on sellers who want to overprice their home.
National inventory is trending upward, and that's been true, while that bodes well for homebuyers today, one benefit of waiting until 2023 is the potential for an even greater shift in inventory, which could put more power in the hands of buyers.
Although inventory is slowly rising, it’s still far below the 6-month supply which indicates a balanced market (Washington DC's supply of housing inventory rose 20% in June YoY, for example, but that only took it from 1 month to 1.2 months' supply). Make no mistake, it will still be a seller’s market for the next several months, if not several years.
Buyers today, though, should feel more comfortable and confident when it comes to asking for home inspection and financing contingencies - the likes of which were tough to come by in 2021’s crazy market conditions.
In my local area I am seeing some changes. Some pockets of homes are staying on the market a little longer, with prices of homes going down - a year ago or during COVID times, they would have easily sold for asking price and been on the market less than a week.
Rising Inventory for 2022 (Realtor.com)